The Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu, or PBB (English: United Traditional Bumiputera Party) is a right-wing political party in Malaysia. It is currently the largest political party in Sarawak, with strongholds only in the rural areas. The party is one of the constituents of the ruling Barisan Nasionalcoalition.
Bumiputera is a Malaysian political term and translates to son of earth. Being mentioned in the party’s name, this directly relates to the ethnic groups that are seen as native to the state of Sarawak. Members of the party are solely of Sarawak Bumiputera ethnicity. In article 161a of the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, 21 ethnic groups are classified as “natives of Sarawak”, among these are the Ibans, Bidayuhs and several other Dayak people as well as Sarawakian Malays.
The formation of the party was for the purpose of the improvement of the livelihood and protect the rights of the Bumiputera in many fields such as politics, economy and social.
Jugah Anak Barieng, also known as Tun Jugah, who was Sarawak’s Internal Affairs Minister, was appointed as the first president of the PBB until his death in 1981. Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib Mahmud took over in 1981 until now after he won the post unopposed. He is the current Chief Minister of Sarawak and president of the PBB. The existence of this party as one of the major component parties has strengthened the position of the Bumiputeras in Sarawak.
Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu was formed from the combination of three parties in Sarawak; Parti Negara Sarawak (PANAS), Barisan Rakyat Jati Sarawak (BARJASA) and Parti Pesaka Anak Sarawak (PESAKA).
PANAS was the second political party to be formed in Sarawak prior to state independence. The first being the Sarawak United Peoples’ Party (SUPP).
Parti Pesaka Anak Sarawak was formed in Sibu in August 1962 to cater for the Ibans of Batang Rajang. Its promoters refused to join the Sarawak National Party, which they claimed only catered for Ibans from Saribas. Among the initiators of the party were Penghulu Masam Anak Radin, Pengarah Banyang, Penghulu Chundi Anak Resa and Penghulu Umpau. Temenggong Jugah, Temenggong Oyong Lawai Jau and Jonathan Bangau joined later. While Jugah and Oyong Lawai Jau were incipiently members of PANAS, Bangau was from SUPP. Others Penghulus from other divisions such as Penghulu Tawi Sli (Second Division) and Penghulu Abok Anak Jalin (Bintulu) also joined PESAKA. PESAKA was, therefore, known as the Penghulus’ Party. However, the person who actually mooted the idea of forming PESAKA was Thomas Kana, a former dresser at Kuala Belait. He was made the first secretary-general of the party.
PANAS and BARJASA first merged to form the Parti Bumiputera Sarawak (BUMIPUTERA). BUMIPUTERA and PESAKA combined to form the PBB on April 30, 1973.